What Is a Property Survey and Why Is It Important?

A property survey, often called a Plat of Survey, is a document created by a surveyor that shows the property lines and other details of a property you are planning to purchase.

Depending on the lender and how recently the last survey was done on the property, the lender may require a current survey as part of the loan process.

Why is it important for your lender to know the property lines of a home for which it intends to lend money? It’s often less about the property lines themselves than what’s on them.

One example is fences. If there is a fence that you believe to be on your neighbor’s side of the property line and it turns out to be on yours, there could be unforeseen costs for you down the road.

These include maintenance and possibly replacement. Keep in mind that you can’t go by any “agreement” the current owner has with the neighbor for this, based on the property lines they believe to be correct.

The same goes for trees, which need occasional trimming and may eventually need to be removed altogether.

In more extreme situations, there could be an object such as a permanent shed that sits on both sides of a property line. These situations can get sticky, so it’s important to complete a current survey that clearly delineates property lines and establishes what is and is not on the property.

If the survey reveals encroachments or other property issues, real estate attorneys can help you sort through these issues. They are invaluable to have in your corner during real estate purchases, especially when situations such as survey issues arise.

If you need a real estate attorney, I can recommend trusted professionals from my preferred provider list who can help guide you through this process. I am also happy to answer any other questions you have about surveys and lender requirements for them. Just give me a call.

What Credit Score Do I Need to Buy a Home?

Before I answer this question, I want to let you know that while a higher credit score will definitely open up more financing options for you, credit is just one part of your entire borrower profile. Other parts include your down payment and what you have in the way of other assets.

That being said, I have many loan options that can accommodate a wide range of credit scores and profiles.

The majority of buyers today are using one of two programs to finance a home: conventional and FHA.

Conventional loans, which also go by the name Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, are the most common loans.

To qualify for this type of loan, you’ll ideally want a credit score in the range of 720 or higher.

You can still qualify for these programs with lower credit scores, but you may pay more in lender adjustments and/or a higher interest rate. For the down payment, you’ll need 5 percent or more, based on your credit score.

FHA, another option, allows as little as 3.5 percent down, and ideally your credit score will be in the 620 or higher range.

Also keep in mind that even if you start your home ownership journey with a different credit score than you would have liked, in some cases you can improve this score in a short period of time.

If you would like me to check your scores or provide more details on how credit scores are a part of the home-buying process, give me a call. I’m here to help.

Should I Refinance My Mortgage Now?

If you are considering refinancing your home, now is a great time to at least look into your options. There are a few reasons why.

The first is that mortgage interest rates, as of fall 2019, are still at near-historic lows. If the reason for refinancing your home is to lower either your interest rate or your monthly payment, the market is favorable for this right now.

Another reason to look into refinancing at this time is that home prices have continued to increase in many parts of the country.

What this means for you, as an existing homeowner, is that you’ll be in a better equity position than you may have been a year or two ago.

Your equity is the difference between what you owe on your home and what it’s now worth.

If you’re looking to take money out of the property to pay for college for the kids, home improvements, or other expenses, more equity will allow you to take out more money.

Even if you aren’t looking to take out any cash from the property, more equity means better terms on the mortgage that you take out.

As far as what this will cost you, many refinance transactions will allow you to incorporate the costs of the new loan directly into the loan, meaning you’ll need little to no money at closing.

At times, lenders will waive documents that are normally required, such as appraisals. Since these can cost hundreds of dollars, this waiver will lower your overall cost of the transaction significantly.

With these benefits in mind, it’s likely that refinancing your mortgage could put you in a better position financially.

If you are thinking about what a refinance could do for you or are interested in more details about how the process works, please give me a call. I can go over your options and help you determine if refinancing makes sense for you.

The Inside Scoop on Buying a Townhome or Condominium

If you’ve ever thought of moving into a community of low-maintenance living, such as a townhome or condominium development, either of these may be the perfect place for you.

There are, however, a few things to keep in mind while you are shopping for one.

Townhomes, from an ownership perspective, are more like owning a single-family home than a condo.

You own the structure and the land on which it sits, and you are part of the association, which may have dues that are paid each month. With a townhome, while the fees may be lower than in a condo, you may still be responsible for items such as keeping up parts of the property’s exterior and minor landscaping maintenance.

In a condo, you own the structure, but the land under it is part of a larger parcel. Fees here are often higher than with townhomes, and rules can be more restrictive.

Whichever of the above developments you choose, make sure that you and your attorney go over the rules and regulations and the finances of the respective associations, to make sure they are sound.

Your lender may want to do the same, as any given lender may want to finance only a certain number of units in a given development, in order to limit its exposure.

Financing either of these properties is similar to financing a single-family home, with the above exceptions.

If you have any questions about financing a condo or townhome, please give me a call. I’d be happy to review your options.

Will My Mortgage Payment Change Over Time?

This is a good question, and one you should consider before you start looking for a home; you don’t want to fall in love with a property that it turns out you can’t afford.

The simple answer to this question is that if you take out a fixed rate mortgage, your payment will stay the same for the life of the loan.

If you take out an adjustable rate mortgage, you should expect some fluctuation in both the interest rate and the payment.

The more in-depth answer is that, regardless of what type of mortgage you take out, you will always have fluctuations in your total housing expense, which is more than just the mortgage payment itself.

These additional items, mainly property taxes and property insurance, can go up over time (and most likely will). Whether they are included in your mortgage payment or you pay them separately, they are part of your monthly housing expense.

All of this points to the fact that when you are planning to purchase a home, you should expect some changes in these variable factors that make up your overall housing expense.

How can you get an idea of what property taxes and insurance will look like over time? To answer these questions, I can put you in touch with the experts.

A real estate agent can pull up historical tax records for properties in the area where you are looking.

As far as property insurance rates go, events such as severe weather, regardless of whether or not they impact your area, can affect the insurance rates of everyone involved in the larger insurance pool. One of my local insurance agent partners can provide a wealth of information on this and other insurance issues.

If you have questions about any of this, please give me a call. If I’m unable to answer any of your questions, I’ll put you in touch with someone who can.

Buyer Fears: Will I Even Qualify for a Mortgage?

This is the big question for buyers who believe they’re on shaky financial ground. One thing is for sure: unless you at least try, you’ll never know if you’ll qualify for a mortgage. It costs nothing to find out if you do, and you very well could qualify for more than you think.

If you are even remotely close to considering buying a home, it would be worth your time to give me a call and learn about your options.

There are three reasons for this. The first is interest rates. Currently, these are still at near historic lows. Low rates mean you’ll be able to obtain a higher loan amount than you would be able to in a higher interest rate environment.

The second is home prices. In many parts of the country, limited housing inventory is pushing prices higher. Why not shop before the prices go up even more?

The third is planning. If I review your financial details and determine that you aren’t in a ready-to-buy position, we can put a plan together to get you there.

This plan (which may be very simple) will normally focus on one of two areas: assets or credit. Assets refer to having enough funds for your home purchase, such as down payment, closing costs, and asset reserves.

Credit refers to paying down or paying off debt. Having high credit card balances, for example, increases your monthly obligations, which raises your debt ratios.

As straightforward as it may be, it could take time to see these plans through to their completion, so it’s good to get started as soon as possible.

Give me a call today to learn about your current and future home-buying options.

What If the Appraisal Is Too High or Too Low?

When you make an offer on a property, both you and your real estate agent should have a solid idea of what the appraised value will be.

If you’re surprised by the value the appraisal assigns to the house, your next steps will depend on whether the appraisal was high or low.

If the value from the appraiser comes back higher than what you agreed to pay for the property, then there would be no issue for you. Congrats! You have immediate equity.

However, if the value comes back lower than the agreed upon price, a few issues will come up. The first is a question as to whether the value that came back is correct.

Recent sales of similar homes in the area could drive down the value if they are lower than your contract price. You and your real estate agent can ask for a review of the appraisal through the appraisal management company who sent the appraiser.

You may also order a new appraisal with a different management company and appraiser, if your lender will allow it. In this case, you would have to pay for the second appraisal as well as for the first.

Since the lender will only lend money based on the lower value of the two (appraisal or contract price), one of two things must happen if the value remains low. Either the sale price must come down, or you must cover the difference between the appraised value and the sale price.

If the seller is unable or unwilling to lower the price, then you would either come up with the difference or move on to another property.

Would you like more information about this process? Feel free to contact me with any questions you may have.

What If the House Needs More Work than You Thought?

Every real estate contract should include wording that gives you the opportunity to conduct a home inspection. The time period for this allowance is typically five business days from the day the seller accepts the offer.

If this verbiage isn’t included, you have little protection or recourse if you discover the home needs significantly more work than you thought.

This is why you need to have a home buying team that includes both a real estate agent and an attorney who specializes in real estate transactions. These experienced professionals will ensure all your documents include appropriate stipulations to protect your interests.

When you complete a home inspection, you will review the items on the report with your attorney. At this point, you must decide which items are important to you. Keep in mind that older homes usually have items that are in need of repair or replacement. This is expected.

Once you’ve decided which issues are important to you, your attorney will let the seller know what the inspection turned up and which of those items you would like addressed. Keep this list as short as it needs to be to cover the big points. Going to the seller with a laundry list of items may make them less likely to want to work with you.

The level of interest in the property will also be a factor in how willing the sellers are to negotiate these items with you. If the sellers have multiple offers and need to move the property quickly, they may be less inclined to make concessions than if the property has been sitting for months with little or no interest.

The good news for you is that if you are unable to come to a satisfactory agreement with the seller, you are able to get your deposit back and move on to another property (provided this contingency was worded appropriately in your contract).

If you need a recommendation for a real estate agent or attorney who can help you with these issues, I can provide a list of reliable professionals. Just give me a call.

Pensions and Social Security in the Mortgage Process

With our aging population, more and more borrowers are in their later years and have sources of income that are, at least in part, passive. This means they have an income stream coming in without actively working for it. Two sources of passive income are Social Security benefits and pension income.

The important question regarding the mortgage process is how this income can be used to qualify for a home loan.

The first thing a lender like me will want to know is how long you expect the income stream to last. Both Social Security and pensions will most likely continue through your lifetime and potentially through that of your spouse, but this must be confirmed.

The second important thing to note is how the income will be entered on a mortgage application. Pension income will be entered as if it were earned at a job. On the other hand, Social Security income has no taxation, so it is referred to as “grossed up.”

This means that the amount you receive will be artificially inflated to a more realistic number. For example, if you are receiving $1,500 per month in Social Security benefits, the lender will take that amount and multiply it by 1.25.

In our example, the $1,500, after being multiplied by 1.25, works out to $1,875. This is the amount that would be used on your mortgage application.

Other passive income to be considered includes dividend income or some type of regular income stream you receive from a retirement account and use to fund your household budget. The lender will review what this has looked like over the past two years to get an idea of what to expect in the future.

One source of income that would be ineligible for a mortgage application is an unemployment benefit, due to the fact that this will eventually run out.

Do you have additional questions? Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have.

What Employment History Do I Need to Purchase a Home?

With the possible exceptions of recent college grads and those who have been out of the workforce for an extended period to raise a family, the expectation is that everyone who applies for home financing will have some type of work history.

The formal guidelines on employment history state that you should have at least two years of work history in order to purchase a home. However, these are just that: guidelines, not hard-and-fast rules.

What lenders are looking for is consistency and a job history that makes sense. What does this mean?

If you have changed jobs in the past few years, but have done so to further your career, as in getting a higher salary or taking on more responsibility, that would make sense to lenders. Also, events such as medical conditions may keep people out of work for an extended but explainable period of time.

What lenders are leery of are gaps in employment without a reasonable explanation. In our current economy, events such as plant closings, layoffs, and other reductions in force are commonplace and can be easily explained.

What you do to put yourself in a buy-ready position after going through any of these situations is what interests lenders.

One employment scenario that might prove challenging for mortgage approval is a recent move from a salaried or hourly position to self-employment, as you may have little or no history of being in business for yourself.

If you have questions about how your employment history may affect your qualifications, please contact our office to discuss your options.